According to its medicinal properties, unabi is an extremely useful plant, and in every part of the plant, whether bark, roots, wood, there are substances that have a beneficial effect on health. For health purposes, it is usually recommended to use fresh fruits, but dried and dried ones that are easier to store are of almost the same value.
Eating unabi fruits makes it easier to fight colds, coughs, and has a positive effect on some diseases of the liver and kidneys. Unabi is very nutritious, they should be given to patients with anemia, tuberculosis, suffering from nervous exhaustion or having a serious infectious disease.
Systematic eating of unabi has a positive effect on well-being, there is a disappearance of pain in the heart, back, and a decrease in cholesterol.
Hypertensives take fruits to stabilize blood pressure. In the Black Sea sanatoriums, a course of treatment for hypertension is prescribed, when instead of the usual medicines, the unabi fruit is prescribed for 20 days (20 pcs. 3 times a day).
Apparently, they began to grow unabi for the first time as a cultivated plant in China, where its yields among fruit crops are second only to citrus fruits and apples. From the Latin name this plant is often also called jujube, however, it is often designated by other names (jujuba, Chinese date, etc.)
Unabi is considered a very drought tolerant crop; fruit ripening fully takes place only in hot, dry weather. Regarding the frost resistance of unabi, the information is contradictory, it is most reliable that unabi tolerates frosts of -25 °, it is sometimes claimed that -35 ° is not afraid of him. However, many gardeners noted that unabi was already freezing at -22 °. Perhaps one should also take into account the level of humidity in the region, an excessively humid climate, as on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus is not suitable for unaby. In the central regions of Russia, growing unabi is somewhat problematic, even if it is possible to provide protection from frost, then you can not really count on full fruiting. But in the Krasnodar Territory and on the territory of Moldova there are examples of successfully growing unabi.
Unabi works say that seedlings can begin to bear fruit in the year of planting, but you need to know that this will happen only with good soil preparation (add compost and sawdust to the planting pit), proper top dressing and plentiful watering. Unabi is pollinated by insects, so the first time until an insect pollinator has appeared, you may have to resort to artificial pollination.
Ways to propagate unabi - seeds, grafting, grafting
Seeds need stratification. One way to stratify is to put seeds in moss, sprinkle lightly with water, wrap with plastic wrap and put in the refrigerator. During the winter, several times, approximately every half a month, the seeds must be removed and aired for several minutes in the air. Sowing in the spring, seedlings appear after 2 months usually, depending on the fertility of the soil and the abundance of watering, how soon the plant begins to bear fruit.