Decorative varieties of fruit trees have not yet become widespread in our country. Nevertheless, more and more often in home gardens and cottages you can find very beautiful flowering fruit plants, which belong to the category of ornamental and represent original elements of landscape design of the house territory.
The main advantage that a decorative apple tree has is not in the taste and aroma of its ripe fruits. A distinctive feature of such a plant is its beauty at the flowering stage, the peculiarity of the form and the original coloring of the foliage.
Varieties "Royal" and "Royal Beauty" are decorative. They are one of the hybrid species descended from the purple apple tree. The variety was bred using material from the Central Asian apple tree Nedzvetsky.
Apple trees of this type are very widely used in the design of house adjoining territories, public park zones and squares. The decorative fruit tree looks spectacular in a single, group and alley planting, when performing hedges, in seasonal compositions and contrasting shrub groups. Very often you can see apple trees of the Royal and Royal Beauty varieties in front of the front part of administrative or public buildings.
Royal and Royal Beauty apple trees are characterized by their small size and slow pace of development. The maximum height of the decorative apple tree is more than six meters. At the age of ten, such trees are about four meters high.
Very often, the apple trees of these varieties are characterized by a shrub form and an oval type of crown. The crown diameter of decorative trees does not exceed five meters. Young plants have a more compact crown, with age it becomes sprawling. Crohn, not subject to pruning, has the form of an oval or ball.
The leaves of the apple tree are narrowed and have a pronounced glossy surface with pubescence. As a rule, the shape of the leaves is elliptical or oblong ovate. The length of the leaves can vary from 8 to 12 centimeters. The main color of the foliage is very spectacular, dark purple or purple. In autumn, it brightens and pleases the eye with a rich red or crimson color.
In full leafy conditions, the leaf plates may have a purple color only on the underside. The upper part of the leaf in this case has a bright dark green color, which makes the apple tree even more attractive.
Flowering tree is very plentiful. Its beginning is observed in early May, and the average duration is about two weeks. In very hot and arid weather conditions, the flowers of the apple trees of these varieties tend to burn out quite quickly, resulting in a reduction in the flowering period to a week or less.
The buds are large in size and have a deep dark red color. The flowers of the apple tree are numerous, have very large sizes and a pronounced aroma. The main color of the petals is raspberry or red. The presence of white, felt type peduncles is characteristic.
Royal Apple and Royal Beauty varieties, as well as other types of ornamental fruit trees, are planted in order to decorate the territory. At the fruiting stage, the decorative apple trees of these varieties are very beautiful. However, apples from such trees do not have good taste. Nevertheless, some gardeners use them for cooking "paradise" jam, without clearing the fruit of the stalks and seed chamber.
Royal Bouti: Paradise Apple Tree
Planting and Care Rules
The process of cultivating a decorative apple tree has virtually no significant differences from growing ordinary fruit plants. Decorative apple tree is quite unpretentious. But still it is advisable to follow the basic recommendations for caring for this type of garden plants:
- When buying a seedling with an open root system, it is very important to check the plant for signs of overdrying. Before planting, seedlings with a bare root system should be lowered into the water for one hour.
- The seedlings placed in the planting pits should be carefully straightened out by the root system, then they should be covered with nutritious soil, which requires slight compaction and high-quality watering.
- In the process of planting, it is forbidden to deepen the root neck of the plant.
- The plant is responsive to mulching using pine bark, horse peat, nutshell or wood chips. The mulching layer helps protect the soil from overdrying and reduces the need for loosening, watering and weeding.
Ornamental apple trees need rich, drained soils, it is better to plant them in sunny or slightly shaded areas. Immediately after planting, the seedlings do not need to be fertilized or fertilized. However, the introduction of vegetable fertilizers is necessary at the growing stage. It is worth remembering that decorative apple trees are susceptible to the same diseases as ordinary fruit trees, therefore, it is necessary to perform preventive and therapeutic spraying of plants.
Harvesting and storage
In the first decade of autumn, small fruits are formed on the apple trees of these varieties, the sizes of which are comparable to the sizes of cherry berries. They are characterized by an elongated shape, dark red coloration and a bluish wax coating. Ripening is observed in mid-September. Apples have a bitter spicy taste. They are inedible, and their use often provokes symptoms of acute food poisoning.
How to use a decorative apple tree in garden design
Royal Beauty and Royal apple varieties have high decorativeness, which makes these plants a wonderful element of landscape design. These beautiful trees, although they cannot boast of the palatability of the fruits, successfully compensate for this shortcoming with a beautiful appearance at any stage of cultivation.